By MARK J SMITH
More than 50 boys, many of whom became national defenders of Aboriginal rights, high level public servants and outstanding sportsmen, lived at St Francis’ House in Adelaide from 1945 to 1959. Many came from Alice Springs and St John’s Hostel and other places in the Northern Territory. This is the final part of our series about this outstanding facility.
Brian Butler has devoted much of his life working towards reconciliation and improving rights for Indigenous Australians.
His grandmother and mother were forced from their family at Arltunga, east of Alice Springs.
Brian has been a constant activist to help his people and was the founding chair of the Stolen Generations Alliance and an inaugural member of the Aboriginal and Islander Healing Foundation.
He spent twenty years as director of the South Australian Aboriginal Child Care Agency, was ATSIC Commissioner for South Australia, and spent fourteen years as chair of the Secretariat of National Aboriginal and Islander Child Care, which initiated the 1997 Bringing Them Home report.
He was the founding chair of the Aboriginal Housing Board of South Australia and of the Port Augusta Aboriginal Medical Service.
Desmond Price was born at Queen Victoria Hospital in Adelaide in 1942. He was among the hundreds evacuated from the Northern Territory over fear of the Japanese invasion of WW2. When he left school he worked for the South Australian Railways and became a member of the Australian Federation of Locomotive Enginemen.
Sonny Morey grew up at Yambah Station, The Bungalow, St Mary’s in Alice Springs and then St Francis House in the 1950s.
A talented footballer he was one of the original Central Districts players when the club entered the SA National Football League in 1964.
The first Bulldog to play 200 games he wore the red, white and blue 213 times, represented South Australia four times, was runner-up in the 1972 Magarey Medal to later Brownlow Medallist Malcolm Blight, won club Best and Fairest in 1970 and was selected in Central’s official “Best Team 1964 to 2003”.
Vincent Copley is an Elder of the Ngadjuri people of South Australia. He was born in 1936 in Point Pearce, South Australia.
Vince Copley has been an important advocate for the rights of Aboriginal people. He has spent all of his life working to improve the social, legal and economic position of Indigenous people, raise self-esteem and regain identity.
He successfully campaigned to reform marriage laws, create the South Australian Lands Trust laws and have the racially discriminatory Welfare Board legislation repealed in South Australia.
Vince’s early career was an accomplished footballer and cricketer. Later, he extended this through various roles in sports administration.
In 2000 Vincent was appointed co-chair to the National Indigenous Cricket Advisory Council. Most recently, he fulfilled this role in tandem with John Bannon, former Premier of South Australia.
In this capacity Vince has organized various national and international programs for Indigenous cricketers including the 1988 tour of England, which commemorated the first Aboriginal Australian tour of 1868.
Vince’s actions provided hitherto unrecognised — and certainly uncelebrated — appreciation of the role of Aboriginal people in Australian cricket.
The significance of Vince Copley’s contribution to Australian cricket is acknowledged in the Vince Copley Medal, which recognizes the ‘most outstanding cricketer’ at the annual Lord Taverner’s Statewide Indigenous Carnival. He was awarded the Member of the Order of Australia (AM) in 2017.
Mrs Smith was a mother figure to many children, along with other children profiled in this article series.
They developed lifelong bonds and remained connected. Many maintained a connection with Father Smith and Mrs Smith to seek support and celebrate achievements. Lots were married by Father Smith and many of their children baptised by him.
In Alice Springs and at St Francis’ House she and her husband cared for dozens of Aboriginal children and as this series has demonstrated, they took up positions of leadership politics, government, advancing Aboriginal rights, sport the arts and many other parts of the community.
John P McD Smith says: “The collective achievements of the boys are quite remarkable, particularly when you consider the challenges facing Aboriginal people at the time.
“They became leaders of the Aboriginal rights movement that began in the 1960s.
“They went on to become leaders in government and policy development at a state and federal level including the first Aboriginal person to serve as Secretary of a Commonwealth Government Department and first dedicated Aboriginal policy adviser to a State Premier.
“These opportunities were based on a solid education including the first Aboriginal university entrant in the 1940s, first male university graduate in the 1960s, first South Australian university graduate in the 1970s to the first PhD in the 1990s.
“Sport is the great leveller. Many of the boys were top athletes, Australian rules footballers, leaders in international sport including soccer and rugby as national and state representatives.
“Some of the boys were gifted artists and their designs adorn Qantas planes and the Aboriginal flag.”
Terry Cleary, who lives in Darwin, has been involved in the preparation of a new website about St Francis House launched in January 2019.
He says: “Probably no couple in the history of the Australian missions to Aboriginal people had as much influence on the lives of Aboriginal children as Father Percy Smith and his wife Isabel.
“In January 1945, the Smiths brought six boys from Alice Springs with the permission of their mothers, to Adelaide and soon after established St Francis’ House at the beach side suburb of Semaphore. Soon the original six boys were joined by other boys, some at the request of their mothers and others who had been removed from their families were placed there at the request of the government.
“Without doubt, much pain and trauma is still experienced by the individuals who were removed and placed in institutions far away from their families and their culture. Many experienced abuse in these institutions. The ongoing intergenerational impact of the removal and abuse cannot ever be understated,” said Mr Cleary.
“Whilst St Francis’ House, for example, may have provided unique opportunities for the more than 50 boys who lived there, it was also at times a harsh and lonely experience for many of the boys living so far from their families and growing up in a foreign culture.
“Finally to Alice Springs News readers, thank you so much for your support and interest in this article series. Your feedback and comments have been much appreciated including some very touching personal outreaches. Sincere gratitude must be extended to Erwin Chlanda for the opportunity to share these stories.”
Mark J Smith is the grandson of Father Percy Smith (1903-82) who was the first resident Anglican priest based in Alice Springs from 1933 and with his wife Isabel founded St Francis’ House, a home for Aboriginal children. Mark holds an honours degree in history and politics from the University of Adelaide.
PHOTOS (from top): 1947 – St Francis House Boys – Back Charlie Kunoth, Bill Espie, Peter Tilmouth, John Palmer – Middle Laurie Bray, Charlie Perkins, Ernie Perkins, Malcolm Cooper, David Woodford – Front Brian Butler, Gordon Briscoe • 1979 reunion at St Francis’ House. Back row – Ken Hampton, Vincent Copley, David Woodford, Charlie Perkins, John Moriarty, Desmond Price, Lesley Nayda – Front row – Jerry Hill, Father Percy Smith, Wally McArthur • 1984 reunion at St Francis’ House. L-R standing – John Moriarty, Richie Bray, Wally McArthur, Charlie Perkins, Fe Smith, Brian Butler, John P McD Smith, Vincent Copley, Desmond Price. Max Wilson is squatting and Mrs Isabel Smith is seated • Boys at St Francis’ House in about 1950. Bill Espie, Jerry Hill, Laurie Bray, David Woodford, Peter Tilmouth, Charlie Perkins, Malcolm Cooper, Tim Campbell, Ken Hampton, Ernie Perkins, John Moriarty, Gordon Briscoe, Desmond Price, Vincent Copley, Richie Bray and Wilfred Huddlestone • Front page of Truth newspaper 27 September 1947.
By MARK J SMITH