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HomeIssue 1Fracking pipe 'deformation' row: The sequel

Fracking pipe 'deformation' row: The sequel

2516 deformation diagram
A spokesman for Origin Energy says the anti-fracking Lock the Gate Alliance was misleading the public when it claimed that a pipe “deformation” amounted to a failure of the well in the NT’s Beetaloo field.
Christopher Zipf says there was no risk to the safety of the public nor the environment.
The claims and counter claims featured in the fracking enquiry last week: Lock the Gate spokeswoman Naomi Hogan described the deformation as a “casing failure”.
She said in a media release on February 6: “Lock the Gate can reveal today that Origin Energy erased all evidence of a frack well casing deformation in a submission to the NT Fracking Inquiry, making the draft Final Report a false account.
“Lock the Gate is calling for a full investigation of Origin’s conduct, including how the NT Government and the NT Fracking Inquiry came to be implicated  in the cover up.”
However, it was revealed that Origin had provided diagrams both showing (pictured) and not showing the deformation, to the NT Government as well as the inquiry.
The government released a statement that it had not misled the inquiry.
We are seeking comment from inquiry chairwoman, Judge Rachel Pepper, on why the diagram that didn’t show the deformation was used in her draft final report.
Judge Pepper said last week: “Lock the Gate has yet to apologise to Origin and indeed to this inquiry.”
Mr Zipf, when asked by the Alice Springs News Online, explained how a fracking job was conducted in a well.
The well has two distinct sections, initially drilled vertically into the ground and when the shale is struck, proceeding horizontally.
It is the horizontal section where the fracking takes place: “Plugs” are inserted to control and contain each fracking stage, and between them the pipe is perforated and the fracking fluid is inserted under high pressure.
Once a stage is completed a new plug is inserted and the process is repeated, moving bit by bit back towards the vertical pipe.
Mr Zipf says the make-ups of the vertical and horizontal pipes are distinctly different: “The vertical section has multiple barriers, with multiple casings, steel and cement.
“It’s part of the technical process to ensure the integrity of that well. It’s essential to seal off all the underground layers and prevents the connection between aquifers. We test using gear like an ultrasound and we check that it is right before fracking commences.”
The horizontal part of the well pipe does not have the same barriers or armour of the vertical one. It’s designed to be perforated during fracking to allow gas to flow into the well. The vertical section is not, it’s job is to provide “a secure pathway for the gas to flow to the surface,” Mr Zipf says.
“The deformation occurred in the horizontal pipe. It has no impact on well safety, integrity or the environment. These events are not uncommon during fracture stimulation and Origin says its designs included plans to deal with it in the event it did happen.”
This is how he described pipe deformations: “It can be as simple as the underground pressure altering the shape of the pipe slightly to make it a bit more oval, or there might be a little crick, or a kink in it, or it might have a tiny crack. We’re talking in a scale of millimetres here. You’re in a part of the well where you are actually designing to perforate.”
Mr Zipf says the fact that the deformation was discovered is proof of the precision and controls applied to fracking operations.
UPDATE February 14, 5:40pm
Statement from Origin Energy:
Lock the Gate apologises for false allegations made to the NT Scientific Inquiry
Lock the Gate has formally apologised for the false allegations it made to the Scientific Inquiry into Hydraulic Fracturing in the Northern Territory last week that sought to undermine the integrity of the Inquiry and deliberately damage Origin’s reputation.
The false allegations concerned Origin’s Amungee NW – 1H well in the Beetaloo Basin.
In seeking an apology from Lock the Gate’s spokesperson Naomi Hogan, Inquiry Chair, The Honourable Justice Pepper, wrote: “Given the scandalous nature of your allegations against Origin and the Inquiry which have now been proven to be wholly incorrect, it remains a matter of considerable concern that no apology has been proffered by you, on behalf of Lock the Gate, to Origin or the Inquiry. Failure to do so has the very real effect of impugning the credibility of yourself and Lock the Gate.”
Origin welcomes the apology that has now been made to the Inquiry and looks forward to receiving a similar apology from Lock the Gate as requested by the Inquiry: “The Inquiry notes and accepts your apology. It is assumed that you have also, as is appropriate, apologised to Origin Energy (Origin) directly.”
Origin also notes the two Lock the Gate media statements containing the false allegations, now proven to be wholly inco rrect, are yet to be taken down from their website.
Head of Origin’s Integrated Gas business, Mark Schubert, said Origin respects the right of any organisation or member of the community to express their views on such an important topic.
“We understand some people will have different views on gas development and we welcome a healthy debate – but it must be truthful, and not driven by false information as witnessed by the NT Fracking Inquiry last week,” Mr Schubert said.

End of statement.



  1. Thanks Erwin, for this important follow up article which goes a long way to clarifying the facts.
    It’s unfortunate that this wasn’t checked properly before publishing the earlier misinformed article, filled with Loch the Gate Alliance (LTGA) false and misleading statements.
    LTGA made two key claims, both were completely wrong:
    [1] There was a well integrity issue. This is very easily debunked just by looking at the illustration, the deformation is clearly in the resource rock zone and it is perforated by design either side of the deformation, i.e. intentional breach of production casing integrity to create pathways for the resource to flow out of the rocks, into the casing.
    [2] The claim of a cover-up was made by LTGA spokesperson Naomi Hogan, who erroneously believed the illustration and details of the deformation were being “air-brushed out” and not made public, but the fact was this, this illustration and all details were publicly available in the Inquiry submission library (a key source of information for LTGA) since May 2017.
    It appears LTGA key representative failed to research key documents and facts properly since at least May 2017, failed to understand the difference between well bore integrity and production casing, failed to courteously ask Origin for an explanation prior to choosing instead to falsely accuse, failed to retract their misleading statement to the Inquiry chair when it was made evident to LTGA they were wrong, but LTGA has succeeded to maintain media interviews and multiple postings in their social media to keep the misinformation bouncing around for the unwary public to digest.
    If this isn’t a red flag, then show me what it?

  2. @ Mark Fraser: Thank you for your kind words at the beginning of your comment but I reject that our initial article was “misinformed”.
    Please note:-
    • We accurately quoted the Lock the Gate Alliance which is a major player in the debate. It describes itself as “a national grassroots organisation made up of over 120,000 supporters and more than 450 local groups [including] farmers, traditional custodians, conservationists and urban residents.”
    • Concurrent with posting the initial report we sought comment from the NT Government (which replied on the same day), from the Inquiry and from Origin. We still don’t have a reply from the Inquiry. See my reply to reader Bob Beadman.
    • Origin gave us comprehensive information, but only when we made a second approach to them, leading to the report above.
    • Your point [1] is a bit of a stretch for people with no geological training such as me and – I guess – the vast majority of our readers.
    • Our initial report stated Origin provided information about the deformation to the NT department (in February 2017) and the Inquiry (in May 2017).
    • Our question to the Inquiry is why it published, in its “Draft Final Report” in December 2017, a diagram not showing the deformation while one that shows it had been available to the Inquiry since May 2017.


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